特级教师整理:初中英语的50道"陷阱"题,一定要小心!

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有一位有心的英语特级教师整理出了英语考试中出现的50道陷阱题,大家一定要对这些题目进行分析。通过对这些陷阱题进行分析,你可以查漏补缺,完善自己的知识系统,避免以后考试再掉入陷阱!


1. ---We'll do what we can ____English well this term.

---It‟s high time for you to work hard.

A. study 

B. to study 

C. be studied 

D. be studying


解析:这题可能会误选A,因为大家知道情态动词后接动词原形,但是请大家分析下句子的成分,这里的what we can 实际省略了do,这个what we can do 在句子中作宾语从句。正确答案是B,用动词不定式作目的状语。


2. ---I don't think your team can beat theirs.

---____. But we could if Lin Tao were on the team.

A. No, we can‟t 

B. Yes, we can‟t 

C. Yes, we can 

D. No, we can


解析:在think,believe这类词接的宾语从句,否定要提前。而对于否定句的回答,与习惯相反,yes是“不”no 是“是的”B,D结构不正确,首先要排除。而我们看后面的BUT,表示转折,说明回答者的队没有打赢。那么就是we can't. 正确答案是A。翻译为“是的,我们没有赢”


3. ---Have you finished your work yet?

---No, not yet. I think it'll take _____ ten minutes.

A. another 

B. other 

C. others 

D. more


解析:another +数词+名词 固定用法,another表示“另外的,再” 根据题目意思,可以判断是需要再花10分钟,所以答案是A。


4. Roy made several kites, but _____ of them can fly high in the sky. 

A. neither 

B. none 

C. all 

D. most


解析:neither "两者中任何一个都不" all "三者或三者以上都" most"大部分" 根据题目意思,只有none表示三个或三个以上“一个都没有”,故选C。


5. ---Will you be back ____ five in the afternoon? 

---I‟m not sure, maybe later than that.

A. in 

B. before 

C. for 

D. until


解析:in 只能接一段时间,before "在...之前" for 接一段时间,until“直到...."答案为B。


6. ---I'm sorry to have kept you waiting long.

---Never mind. I ____ here for only a few minutes.

A. have been 

B. have come 

C. have arrived 

D. waited


解析:因为come,arrive是瞬间动词,在用于现在完成时时,不能与表示一段的for,since构成的时间状语连用。答案为A。


7. ---You seem to like sweets.

---_______ .That's probably why I'm becoming fatter and fatter.

A. So I do 

B. So do I 

C. So am I 

D. So I am


解析:seem 是连系动词,不能用be动词来回答。So I do 是“的确如此”表示同意对方的观点 so do I “我也一样”答案为A。


8. With the help of the computer, information can ____every corner of the world swiftly. 

A. get 

B. reach 

C. arrive 

D. return


解析:get ,arrive,到达,是不及物动词,get to,arrive at,arrive in 是固定搭配。而reach是及物动词,可以直接接宾语,“到达” return是“返回”与题目意思不符合,答案为B。


9. The children ______ not to play with the fire.

A. are told 

B. tell 

C. are telling 

D. told 


解析:孩子们被告诉不要玩火。考被动语态。答案为A。


10. ---May I go out with you tomorrow?

---If your job ______by then.

A. has been finished 

B. finish 

C. will be finished 

D. will finish


解析:job被完成,肯定用被动语态,并且是if引导的条件状语从句,不能用将来时。答案是A。


11. ---Will you please show me how to operate the new machine?

---Sure. It’s a piece of cake. Now let me tell you ____ to do first. 

A. what 

B. how 

C. whether 

D. which


解析:whether是否,which哪一个,与题意不符合,而如果用how,do 后面应该有宾语。how to do it.答案为A,what to do first 首先做什么。


12. ---My trousers are______ .

---I'll buy you a new pair.

A. wore out 

B. worn out 

C. wearing out 

D. sold out


解析:wear out 穿坏,sell out卖完。裤子是被穿坏,而不是主动的,所以是被动语态,答案是B。


13. ---What do you think of these two books?

---_____ of them are interesting. And I've read them several times. 

A. Both 

B. Neither 

C. None 

D. Either


解析:根据题意,是两本书,both“两者都”,neither"两者都不" ,none"一个也没有", either"两者中任何一个"答案是A。


14. ---The artist has got _____ much work to do that he hardly has time to help his wife with the housework.

---That‟s true. Even on Sundays he is busy with his work. 

A. too 

B. so 

C. very 

D. such


解析:本题是考so ...that和such ....that的用法。such是修饰名词,但是如果名词前有many ,much ,little,few等修饰词,则用so 代替such.答案为B.


15. ---How long ____ you ____a fever? 

---Ever since last night.

A. have, got 

B. have, had 

C. have, caught 

D. did, have


解析:根据后面的since我们可以判断要用完成时。而get,catch等瞬间动词在完成时中不能与for,since引导的时间状语连用,答案是B.



16. ---I think he lives _____ No.386 West St.

---Are you sure _____ that? You‟d better make sure.

A. at, / 

B. in, of 

C. in, about 

D. at, of


解析:live in "居住"后接大地点。live at "居住"后面接具体的地点。be sure of /be sure about 确信,固定用法。表示对什么有把握。答案为D。


17. ---The rain came to a stop the night before. The fields are still full of water. 

---It _____ for nearly a week.

A. has rained 

B. had rained 

C. would rain 

D. was raining


解析:came to a stop“停止”the night before"前一个晚上"for+一段时间用于完成时,而came 表明是过去时,所以后面用过去完成时。答案为B。


18. ---He seems _____ ill. Shall we take him to the hospital right now? 

---I don‟t think it matters. Maybe he's caught a bit of a cold.

A. terrible 

B. terribly 

C. even 

D. to be terrible


解析:seem+形容词 “好像是”ill “病了”用副词修饰。答案为B. even修饰形容词/副词比较级。


19. ---Would you like ___ some fruit?

---No thanks. I don't feel like _____ anything now.

A. to have, to eat 

B. having, to eat 

C. having, eating 

D. to have, eating 


解析:would you like to do sth.委婉询问对方的意愿“是否想要做什么....”可以排除B.C .而feel like +名词/动名词,表示“觉得好像....” 答案为D。


20. ---This is really a wonderful party with interesting people and great food. 

---I'm glad you are _____.

A. liking it 

B. enjoying yourself 

C. at the party 

D. are loving


解析:enjoy yourself "玩得高兴" 表示感情的love,like 一般不用于进行时。C与题意不符合。答案是B。


21. ---You've dropped _____ “s‟‟ in the word “acros‟‟

---Oh, ____ letter “s‟ should be doubled like this “across‟. A. a, a 

B. an, a 

C. a, the 

D. an, the


解析:本题考查冠词的用法。表示泛指时用不定冠词,a 用在辅音发音字母之前,an用在元音发音字母之前。s的读音为/es/,为元音发音。应用“an”,后面表特指,上面出现的,应用"the",答案为D.


22. ---The pen writes well though it doesn't cost much.

--- Let me have a try. So _____.

A. it is 

B. it does 

C. does it 

D. is it


解析:同第7题,根据题意是表示同意对方的看法,而write要用do/does替代,pen为单数,所以答案是B。


23. ---The smell in the room is really terrible.

---You said it. Let's keep all the windows _____ .

A. closed 

B. open 

C. opening 

D. to open


解析:keep+宾语+形容词 "使...保持某状态" keep+宾语+动词ing形式,也表示“使...保持某状态”但是宾语是后面动词的发出者,如:keep you waiting ,根据题意,房间里味道不好,要把窗户打开,而不是关上。答案是B。


24. ---____ the Internet _____ in your school?

---Yes, but the computer in our office has often broken down.

A. Is, used 

B. Is, using 

C. Does, use 

D. Has, used 


解析:根据句意,internet是被使用,应该用被动语态。答案为A。


25. ---Do you often get on-line?

---Yes. I ______ most of my time on it. It's a good way to kill time. 

A. cost 

B. spend 

C. pay 

D. take


解析:cost 一般物作主语,“花费” spend "花费时间或金钱" pay 支付(钱) take一般指花费时间。答案为B。


26. ---Did Tom’s parents go to the meeting yesterday? 

---Yes, ____ of them did, but ____ spoke.

A. each, none 

B. both, none 

C. neither, both 

D. both, neither


解析:根据题目意思,是父母两个人去了会议,后面有个but,表示转折,应该是都没有发言,答案为D。Both 两者都,neither两者都没有。


27. ---I eat ____ vegetables and ___ meat than I did last year. 

---That's why you're getting fatter.

A. fewer, more 

B. more, less 

C. least, more 

D. many, much


解析:第二句话的意思是:这就是你越来越胖的原因。那么可以判断第一句话是跟去年相比,我吃更少的蔬菜,更多的肉。而蔬菜是复数,只能用fewer来修饰表示比较少。less修饰不可数名词表示比较少。more是many 和much的比较级,可以修饰可数和不可数名词。答案为A。


28. ---_____ is the population of the town?

---Over 20,000 .And a third of the population ____ workers of the car factory.

A. What, are 

B. How many, are 

C. What, is 

D. How many, is 


解析:对人口提问用how large 或what . The population of ....作主语时谓语动词用单数。当主语表示人口的百分之几,几分之几时,谓语动词用复数形式。答案为A。


29. ---I tried to make Kate ____ her mind, but I found it hard.

---Well, I saw you_______ that when I went past.

A. change, do 

B. changes, doing 

C. to change, do 

D. change , doing


解析:make是使役动词,后面接不带to的不定式作宾补。表示“让某人做某事”。see是感官动词,接现在分词做宾补,强调动作正在进行。本题的意思是:------我试图让凯特改变她的想法,但是我发现很难。-------是的,我经过时看见你正在劝她。答案是D。


30. ---Sorry,I am late.

---It doesn’t matter. The meeting ___ for just several minutes

A. has begun 

B. has started 

C. has been on 

D. had been on


解析:begin,start是瞬间动词,不能与表示一段时间的状语一起用在完成时中。而根据题目可看出,是现在时,所以不能用过去完成时。答案为C。



31. ---I feel tired and sleepy.

---Why not stop _____?

A. to work 

B. to have a rest 

C. having a rest 

D. to go on with your work 


解析:stop to do sth.表示停下了去做另外的事。stop doing sth. 表示停止做某事。句子的意思是我感觉很累,很想睡。对方肯定是劝她停下手上的事去休息。答案是B。


32. ---Did you notice the boy come in?

---No, I didn't because I _______a film.

A. had watched 

B. have watched 

C. was watching 

D. am watching


解析:句子的意思是:----你注意到刚进来的男孩了吗?----不,我没有,我正在看一个电影。整句是过去时,表示正在做的事,应该用过去进行时。答案为C。


33. ---Could you tell me _____? I must find him.

---Sorry, I have no idea. But he was here just now.

A. where Tom was 

B. where has Tom gone 

C. where can I find Tom. 

D. where Tom is


解析:本题是考查宾语从句的用法。由what,where,who等疑问词引导的宾语从句要用陈述语气,疑问词+陈述句,而不是疑问词+一般疑问句。Could 此时表示委婉的请求语气,而不是过去时。答案为D。


34. ---Shall I tell Mike about it?

---No, you _____. He's already been told.

A. mustn't 

B. can't 

C. don't 

D. needn't


解析:mustn‟t 表示“禁止,不许” can‟t “不能” don‟t”不...” needn‟t “不必要”根据题目意思,他已经知道了,不存在着禁止,不能的意思。Don‟t也不能回答Shall 引导的一般疑问句,答案为D。


35. ---I‟m ______ in what _____ you.

---Well, don‟t follow suit. Just do what you like.

A. interesting, interests 

B. interested, interests 

C. interest, interests 

D. interest, interesting


解析:be interested in 对...感兴趣,人作主语 ;interesting 令人感兴趣的,物作主语;interest使人感兴趣。答案为B。


36. ---I‘m too busy_______ to my family often.

---Why not call them instead?

A. writing 

B. to write 

C. written 

D. write


解析:too....to 太....而不能......我太忙而不能经常给我家里人写信。答案为B。


37. ---______ present you’ve bought for me!

---I‘m glad you like it.

A. How a 

B. What a 

C. How 

D. What


解析:感叹句how修饰形容词或副词,what修饰名词。present是可数名词,答案为B.


38. ---This is no-smoking zone. Can’t you see the sign?

---Oh, sorry. I ______ it.

A. haven‘t seen 

B. won’t see 

C. don‘t see 

D. didn’t see


解析:这是无烟区,难道你不能看见这个标示吗? 在这个人的提示下,答话人现在肯定看见这个标示了。那么是以前没看见,答案为D。


39. ---Will you please let me have a look at the photos taken in the States?

---Sure .I‘ll _____ them here to school tomorrow. 

A. take 

B. carry 

C. get 

D. bring


解析:本题主要对比take 和bring。take是拿走,bring是拿来。carry是携带,get是得到,答案为D。


40. ---Look at ____ animal. It’s interesting.

---Which one do you mean? ____ black one with a long tail? A. an, The 

B. an, An 

C. the, The 

D. the, An


解析:考查冠词的用法。而根据题意我们可以看出,问答中的动物都是表示特指,答案是C。


41. ---What happened to Tom?

---He was crossing the street ____ a motorbike hit him from behind. 

A. while 

B. when 

C. until 

D. because


解析:while表示“在......时候”时不能与瞬间动词连用。hit是撞,瞬间的动作。when “当....时候”可以与瞬间动词连用。until 直到....because 因为,后面两个与题目意思不符合,答案为B.


42. ---Dad, what‘s the sea like?

---Well, it’s large and full of water. It covers about _____ of the earth.

A. one third 

B. three quarter 

C. three-fourth 

D. three quarters


解析:我们知道海占了地球的大部分。A是三分之一,与题目不符合。quarter是四分之一,在分子大于一时,分母序数词要用复数,答案为D。


43. ---Go and ask the waiter how much_____.

---Don't worry. It has been _____.

A. does the meal cost, paid for 

B. the meal costs, paid 

C. the meal spends, paid 

D. the meal costs, paid for


解析:首先宾语从句用陈述句语序,A可以排除。cost表示某物花多少钱,spend 花费时间或金钱,一般人做主语。pay表示付钱,pay for 为....支付了多少钱。答案是B。


44. ---Does the child need any help?

---No. He is old enough to _____ himself.

A. put on 

B. wear 

C. dress 

D. take care


解析:put on 强调穿的动作,wear强调穿着的状态,dress后面接人做主语,dress sb.给某人穿衣,dress oneself给自己穿衣,take care of 照顾。答案为C。


45. ---There can be no life on the earth without water.

---That‟s right. Water _____ everywhere.

A. needs 

B. is needing 

C. is needed 

D. needed


解析:本题是没水就没有生命,水在任何地方都被需要,被动语态,答案为C。



46. ---Were you late ____the meeting?

---No, I arrived there ten minutes______ the meeting started.

A. for, before 

B. at, before 

C. for, till 

D. at, after


解析:be late for 固定用法 “为......迟到” ---为什么你开会迟到? ---不,我在开会前十分钟到的。答案为A。till 直到 after ...之后,before ...之前。


47. ---Excuse me, but I don‘t think you can take photos here.

---Sorry I ____ this is no-photo zone.

A. don’t know 

B. didn‘t know 

C. have no idea 

D. haven’t known


解析:根据题目意思可看出对方是以前不知道这里是不允许照相的区域,用过去时,答案为B。


48. ---How many English words had you learned ___ the end of last term?

---Around 2000, but I‟ve forgotten most of them. 

A. by 

B. at 

C. to 

D. on


解析:by the end of 到....为止,如果后面接将来时间,主句用将来时,如果后面是现在时间,主句用现在完成时,如果是过去时间,主句用过去完成时。at the end of “在...尽头”后面接时间时,一般用过去时或将来时。答案为A。


49. ---Are you learning art now during your spare time?

---No. I've stopped _____ Chinese medicine instead.

A. to learn 

B. learning 

C. learn 

D. studying 


解析:---你现在在空闲时间学习艺术吗?---不,我已经停止了,在学中医。stop to do 和stop doing分别表示“停下来去做某事”和“停止做某事”答案为A。


50. ---What did you ____ just now?

---I _____ you if you could follow me.

A. say, said 

B. speak, asked 

C. speak, said 

D. say, asked


解析:---你刚在说什么?---我问你你是否能跟我来。say是及物动词,强调说话的内容。speak一般表示说某种语言。强调说的动作。ask询问,打听,请求。答案是D。


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